Top 5 Best Frameworks for Mobile App Development in 2024

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In 2023, the mobile application landscape has witnessed significant advancements, driven by a surge in demand. Statistics indicate a burgeoning trend in mobile app usage and development. For instance, according to Statista, global mobile app revenues are projected to exceed $523 billion by 2024, an increase of $100 billion compared to 2022, emphasizing the growing economic impact of mobile apps.

As we see more and more mobile devices popping up everywhere, picking some outstanding mobile app development frameworks for your mobile app has never been more important. In this article, we’re diving into the coolest application cross-platform frameworks of 2024. We’ve handpicked these for their snazzy design and development features, really upping the game in how users experience and interact with apps. It’s all about making apps that not only look good but also work smoothly and bring something special to the table.

What are some Mobile App Development Frameworks?

An application framework is essentially a software toolkit that assists app developers in assembling a complete application tailored to the owner’s needs. It lays down the structural foundation of an app, allowing for the addition of graphics, animations, and various functionalities. These frameworks are crafted to streamline the app development process, offering ease of management, modification, and bug fixing.

It’s important to understand the distinction between an SDK (Software Development Kit) and frameworks. While an SDK encompasses a range of IoT software development tools including frameworks, a framework is more focused on providing the structural elements of an app.

Various app development frameworks have common characteristics but also possess unique features that make them more suitable for specific types of projects. Identifying the ‘best’ framework for app development isn’t straightforward due to the nuances, benefits, and limitations unique to each framework. Therefore, the choice of an application framework should be made considering the specific needs and requirements of your mobile project.

Key Features of Outstanding Mobile Application Development Frameworks

Navigating through the plethora of app frameworks and pinpointing the standout ones that align with both developer and stakeholder needs is no small feat. Here’s how we differentiated the truly exceptional from the rest:

Cross-platform Capability: This feature is a game-changer. Cross-platform frameworks let developers write code once and deploy it across various operating systems. This means the app maintains consistency in appearance and user experience on any device. Moreover, updates and bug fixes are synchronized across all platforms. Even if your primary focus is on Android, opting for a multi-platform framework could be a smart move for long-term efficiency and cost-saving.

Popularity among Developers: Mobile app development frameworks’ popularity is a tell-tale sign of its effectiveness. Developers gravitate towards frameworks that streamline the creative process and minimize obstacles. They value the ability to test, debug, and rectify issues swiftly and straightforwardly. The more popular a framework is, the more likely it is to have a robust support system and community, which can be invaluable for troubleshooting and innovation.

User Interface: In the era of increasingly complex mobile apps, the flexibility to tailor the elements of an Android app framework is crucial. Customization is key in achieving optimal user experiences tailored to each project’s unique requirements. A framework that offers extensive UI customization options is a cornerstone for high-quality application development, ensuring that the final product not only functions well but is also aesthetically pleasing and user-friendly.

Top Mobile App Development Frameworks

Since 2019, the app development landscape has been dominated by a few standout frameworks, each with its own unique strengths. Based on popularity rankings from research published on Statista, involving over 30,000 respondents, here’s a rundown of the top 5 mobile app development frameworks:

#1. Flutter

Overview: Google’s flagship in the realm of cross-platform application frameworks, Flutter originally started as Sky, targeting the Android OS. Since its release in 2017, Flutter has swiftly ascended the ranks, becoming the most popular framework among Android developers in 2021. Its user base has grown from 38% in 2020 to 46% in 2022.

Special Features of Flutter:

  •     Flutter creates its own canvas to render app components, which necessitates manual updates but ensures that components stay as designed.
  •     It’s known for efficiently rendering 2D multiplatform mobile apps for iOS, Android, and other platforms.
  •     Flutter utilizes the Skia 2D-rendering engine, aligning with Google’s material design and Apple’s Cupertino style, allowing detailed control over visuals.
  •     Dart, a client-optimized, object-oriented language with C-style syntax, is used for programming in Flutter, known for its speed across platforms.


  •     Extensive development toolbox including widgets, APIs, CLI tools, and more.
  •     Capability to create or customize widgets.
  •     Backed by Google, adding to its reliability.
  •     Quick code implementation for rapid bug fixes.
  •     A free and open-source platform.


  •     App sizes tend to be larger, impacting the use of images, animations, and libraries.
  •     Limited native API usage, possibly requiring third-party packages or custom code.
mobile app development

#2. React Native

Overview: In 2015, Facebook introduced React Native as an open-source, cross-platform framework, revolutionizing mobile app development. It enables the creation of apps for iOS, Android, UWP, and the web, utilizing React and JavaScript in combination with native Android app development capabilities.

Many consider React Native to be the top app development framework, and it boasts a notable portfolio including apps like Airbnb and Discord.

What Sets React Native Apart:

  • Native Building Blocks: React Native stands out by departing from the typical approach of simulating native performance in other frameworks. Instead, it enables developers to build user interfaces using the system’s native building blocks, enhancing performance with React’s unique JavaScript.
  • Automatic Updates: A remarkable feature of React Native is its ability to automatically synchronize native Android components with system updates. This means developers don’t have to manually update or redesign these components, ensuring apps remain in good shape without extra effort.

For those seeking assistance with React Native projects, particularly in healthcare mobile software development, TopSquad offers a free estimation and expert support. Our React Native specialists bring considerable expertise to the healthcare market, making them a valuable resource for questions or ideas related to React Native app architecture and development.


  • Implements native UI components, resulting in a high-quality user interface with a native appearance.
  • Boasts an extensive library of UI components, expediting development.
  • Provides access to native functionalities such as the camera.
  • Allows the use of platform-specific native code for app optimization.
  • Supports immediate app changes without recompilation.
  • Backed by Facebook, ensuring reliability.
  • Open-source framework, free for application developers.


  • Built-in navigation in React Native is not as seamless as Android native framework navigation.
  • Not primarily designed for complex animations or intricate transitions.
mobile app development

#3. Xamarin

Overview: Founded in 2011 and now owned by Microsoft, Xamarin boasts nearly a decade of experience, making it one of the most seasoned application development frameworks. It equips developers with specialized libraries and tools designed for creating apps on Android, iOS, macOS, and more.

Unique Features of Xamarin:

  • C# Cross-Platform Development: Xamarin’s integration with Visual Studio IDE facilitates the creation of cross-platform apps using C#. Remarkably, about 75% of the codebase remains consistent across all platforms. This quality has led to its adoption by esteemed companies, particularly in sectors like healthcare, where uniformity and reliability are paramount. However, it’s worth noting that while Xamarin itself is open-source, commercial-scale development requires a license for Microsoft Visual Studio IDE, incurring additional expenses.


  • Native-Like Performance: Apps developed with Xamarin deliver a high degree of native-like performance.
  • Comprehensive Ecosystem: Xamarin offers an extensive ecosystem encompassing C#, .Net, and Microsoft Visual Studio, making it one of the most comprehensive mobile app frameworks available.
  • Platform-Specific Libraries: Developers gain access to APIs from major platforms like Apple, Facebook, and Google, enriching app capabilities.
  • Enhanced User Experience: Xamarin’s vast template library facilitates code reuse across platforms and manual customization of elements, enhancing the user experience.
  • Open-Source for Small Teams: Like React Native, Xamarin is open-source, making it accessible to small development teams.


  • Delayed Updates: Updates to Xamarin are sometimes delayed, leading to potential issues with individual apps.
  • Increased App Size: Xamarin apps tend to be larger than native apps, adding approximately 5 MB for new releases and up to 20 MB for rebuilds.
  • Limited for Complex Animation: Xamarin is less suited for building apps with intricate animations or complex gaming features.
  • UI Code Customization: Some parts of the UI code may require rewriting in Java or Kotlin for customizing Android apps.
mobile app development

#4. Apache Cordova

Overview: Apache Cordova, formerly known as PhoneGap, is a versatile open-source Android framework that facilitates hybrid app development using common web development languages and technologies such as JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3. It empowers developers to build multi-platform apps with a single code base, similar to Appcelerator Titanium.

What Makes Apache Cordova Special:

  • WebView-Based UI: Apache Cordova employs a WebView-based approach, effectively running an app within a native container. This bridges the gap between mobile and web application development. The framework extends its support to numerous major platforms, including Android, iOS, Windows, Ubuntu, OS X, Blackberry 10, and more. Developers create the app code once and then convert SDK files to various platform formats.


  • Proven Reliability: Apache Cordova has a stable track record, having been released in 2009.
  • Cross-Platform Support: It extends its support to multiple platforms, including Unix-like systems.
  • Native Functionality Access: Cordova runs HTML or JavaScript code within a native container, granting access to the device’s native functionality.
  • Unified JavaScript API: Developers can create reusable code for a wide range of mobile devices using a unified JavaScript API. Cordova utilizes plugins to connect its JavaScript code to the native code in the backend, offering a vast selection of plugins for different platforms and features.
  • WebView Translation: Thanks to the WebView container, Cordova translates web applications based on HTML into the native environment.


  • Performance Limitations: Due to its reliance on WebView, Cordova apps may not achieve native performance levels.
  • Quality of Third-Party Plugins: Some third-party plugins may be deficient, outdated, or prone to crashes.
  • Complex Configuration: Configuration can be intricate, often requiring the use of the command line.
  • Platform-Specific Considerations: Cross-platform programming with Cordova often involves including numerous platform-specific conditions in the code.

#5. Ionic

Overview: Ionic stands out as an MIT-certified, free, and open-source mobile app development framework that leverages a combination of HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. It’s the go-to choice for developers engaged in cross-platform application development, enabling the creation of interactive hybrid apps and Progressive Web Applications (PWAs).

What Makes Ionic Special:

  • Intuitive UI Components: Ionic boasts a set of intuitive UI components that streamline development and significantly reduce time-to-market. This attribute positions it as a robust and dependable development framework.
  • Cross-Platform Functionality: Ionic offers a plethora of cross-platform functionalities and a toolkit comprising various software tools that greatly simplify Android mobile app development. Most of the code is crafted within the browser, with exceptions made for testing and debugging on handheld devices.


  • Developer-Friendly: Skilled web developers can quickly adapt to Ionic, facilitating rapid development and smooth onboarding for programmers.
  • Minimal Requirements: Getting started with Ionic requires familiarity with Angular, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Integration Capabilities: Ionic seamlessly integrates with other libraries, including AngularJS, expanding its utility.
  • Access to Native Components: Leveraging Cordova plugins, Ionic gains access to native components of mobile systems, affording complete control over the application-building process.
  • Vibrant Community: A thriving community of over 5 million developers is ready to share insights, advice, and tricks.


  • Debugging Challenges: Debugging in Ionic can be cumbersome due to unclear error messages, making it challenging to identify the source of issues.
  • Native Plugin Issues: The framework relies on native plugins for access to many native functions, but these plugins may not always be fully stable and can conflict with each other.
  • Build Instability: Ionic builds may experience sudden crashes for reasons that are difficult to detect, posing occasional challenges during development.


Choosing the right mobile app development frameworks is crucial for businesses to develop quality, customized apps. Key options in 2024 include React Native, Flutter, Ionic, and Xamarin, each with unique features and costs. It’s important to evaluate these frameworks carefully, considering their strengths and weaknesses, to find the best fit for your specific needs. With increasing demand for mobile apps, selecting the appropriate technology is essential for staying competitive.

Work with Us!

TopSquad offers comprehensive technology services that caters to the specific needs of businesses. With our expertise in the tech industry and a deep understanding of the skills required for programming roles, we assist companies in sourcing and attracting top-notch programming talent. Our service encompasses everything from crafting compelling job descriptions to conducting rigorous screening processes.

By partnering with TopSquad, businesses can streamline their hiring process and gain access to the best programmers in the industry, ultimately bolstering their teams and driving success.

Works Cited

Statista. “Cross-Platform Mobile Frameworks Used by Global Developers 2020.” Statista, 1 June 2023,

Statista. “Global: Mobile App Revenue by Segment 2017-2025.” Statista, 16 Nov. 2023,

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